The right to privacy is a fundamental human right. The United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides, in Article 12:
No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.
Countries which are Member States of the United Nations, agree to protect the rights embodied in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Each country has enacted its own legislation to protect an individual's right to privacy. The countries considered in these pages, with their corresponding legislation are: